10 Easiest Programming Languages to Learn (in 2023)

There are dozens of programming languages out there. As a beginner or someone who is looking to learn a new language, it might be difficult to know where to start. There are easy languages, tricky languages, old languages, use case-specific languages, and more.

If you’re completely new to programming, you might want to learn an easy language. This is because the main principles of programming are more or less the same. Once you’ve learned an easy language, you can move on to a harder language with ease.

Whether or not you should learn an easy programming language depends on your goals and what you want to achieve.

If you are just getting started with programming and want to build a solid foundation of fundamental concepts, then starting with an easy programming language can be a good idea. This will allow you to focus on learning the basics without getting bogged down by the complexities of a more challenging language.

On the other hand, if you have some programming experience and want to challenge yourself or learn a language that is widely used in a particular field, then you may want to consider learning a more difficult programming language.

Ultimately, the best language to learn will depend on your individual goals and needs. It’s important to do some research and consider your options carefully before making a decision.

What Are We Looking at in This Guide?

This is a comprehensive guide to the easiest programming languages. Feel free to use the list below to jump into the introduction of a particular language.

  1. Python
  2. JavaScript
  3. HTML & CSS
  4. Java
  5. C#
  6. Swift
  7. Ruby
  8. PHP
  9. Go
  10. Visual Basic

Let’s jump into it!

1. Python

Python is a high-level, interpreted programming language. It was first released in 1991 and is used for a wide range of purposes, from web development and data science to artificial intelligence and scientific computing.

Python is known for its simplicity and ease of use, making it a popular choice for beginners and experienced programmers alike. It supports multiple programming paradigms, including object-oriented, procedural, and functional programming.

Why Is Python Easy Language to Learn?

Python is often considered one of the easiest languages to learn. There are many reasons why. Here are some of the most notable factors that make Python an easy language.

  1. The syntax of Python is simple and straightforward, making it easy to read and write. Some say it almost reads like English. This makes it a great language for beginners who are just starting to learn to program.
  2. Python has a large and active community of users and developers, who have created a wealth of resources, such as tutorials, documentation, and libraries, to help people learn the language. The help is thus always there!
  3. Python is a universal language that can be used for many purposes, from web development and data analysis to artificial intelligence and scientific computing. This means that you can use Python to build a wide range of applications, making it a valuable language to learn for anyone interested in programming.

Overall, the combination of a simple syntax, a large and supportive community, and a versatile range of applications make Python an easy language to learn and a great choice for anyone interested in programming.

In my opinion, Python is the best first programming language to learn. Not only does it get you started with coding but also opens up countless job and freelance opportunities.

Why Learn Python?

Python is a universal language that can be used for many purposes, including web development, data analysis, artificial intelligence, and scientific computing. This means you can build a wide variety of applications with Python.

Python is a popular language that is widely used in industry, academia, and government organizations. For example, Python is one of the go-to languages for data scientists and AI engineers.

There is a high demand for Python programmers, and learning Python can open up a wide range of job opportunities in a variety of fields.

Python is a powerful language that is well-suited to a wide range of tasks. It has a simple and intuitive syntax, making it easy to read and write. This makes it a perfect language to learn as a beginner.

Overall, learning Python can be a valuable investment in your career, as it can open up a wide range of job opportunities and allow you to build a wide range of applications.

2. JavaScript

JavaScript is a programming language that is commonly used to add interactivity and dynamic features to websites.

JavaScript is traditionally a client-side language, which means that the code is executed by the user’s web browser, rather than on the server. JavaScript is often used in conjunction with HTML and CSS to create website applications and dynamic web pages.

If you see animations, popups, or ads on a website, those are most likely operated by JavaScript code behind the scenes.

Why Is JavaScript Easy Language to Learn?

JavaScript is considered an easy language to learn for several reasons.

  1. JavaScript is a high-level language with an easy-to-read syntax. This makes it easier to learn than a lower-level language, such as C.
  2. JavaScript is a dynamically-typed language, which means that you don’t have to specify the data type of a variable when you declare it. Sometimes this makes it easier to work with, compared to statically-typed languages like C++ or Java, where you have to specify the data types of the variables you use.
  3. There’s a large and active JavaScript community, with many libraries, frameworks, and resources available online. This makes it easier to find help and solutions to problems when you are learning the language.

Overall, JavaScript’s high-level, dynamically-typed nature, combined with its active community, makes it an easy language to learn for beginners.

Why Learn JavaScript?

JavaScript is a popular and widely-used programming language, so learning it can open up many job opportunities.

Many companies use JavaScript in their web development projects, so having knowledge of the language can make you a valuable asset to their team.

JavaScript is also a versatile language and can be used for a wide range of purposes. You can use it to create interactive front-end web applications, build server-side applications with Node.js, and even create mobile apps with frameworks like React Native.

Learning JavaScript can help you improve your problem-solving skills and develop a strong foundation in programming concepts. This can be useful not only for building web applications but also for pursuing other careers in the tech industry.

3. HTML & CSS

HTML and CSS are two of the fundamental technologies used for building websites.

HTML (Hypertext Markup Language) is a markup language that is used to structure and organize the content on a web page. It uses a system of tags to define the different elements of a web page, such as headings, paragraphs, images, and links. HTML is the foundation of a website and provides a way to structure and organize the content so that it can be displayed in a web browser.

CSS (Cascading Style Sheets) is a style sheet language that is used to describe the look and formatting of a document written in a markup language. It is used in conjunction with HTML to specify the layout, colors, fonts, and other visual aspects of a web page. CSS allows you to create visually appealing and well-designed websites, by separating the content of the website (written in HTML) from its appearance.

Together, HTML and CSS are the core technologies used for building websites and are essential skills for any web developer.

HTML & CSS are technically not programming languages but markup languages instead. The reason why they’re listed here is that people associate HTML and CSS with coding. Furthermore, HTML and CSS are integral languages in website creation. Without HTML and CSS, building websites wouldn’t be possible the way we know it.

Why Is HTML & CSS Easy to Learn?

Because HTML and CSS are not programming languages, they’re much easier to learn than languages like Python or JavaScript.

Here are some reasons as to why learning HTML and CSS is considered easy.

  1. Both HTML and CSS are high-level markup languages. They are completely abstracted from the computer’s hardware and operate at a human-friendly level. In other words, reading and writing HTML and CSS is easy for humans.
  2. Both HTML and CSS define what the content or style should be, rather than specifying how to do it. This makes them relatively simple to understand and use, compared to imperative languages like Java or C++, where you have to write detailed instructions to tell the computer what to do.
  3. There are many resources available online to help you learn HTML and CSS, including tutorials, guides, and references. This makes it easy to find help and support when you are learning languages.

Why Learn HTML & CSS?

HTML and CSS are the core technologies used for building websites, so learning them is essential if you want to become a web developer. These languages provide the foundation for building web pages and are used by all modern websites to structure and present their content.

HTML and CSS are easy to learn, compared to real coding languages. HTML and CSS are merely markups and styling languages that specify layouts and components in web pages.

Knowing HTML and CSS can be useful for a wide range of careers, not just web development. Many jobs, such as graphic design, user experience (UX) design, and marketing, involve creating and working with web content, so having knowledge of HTML and CSS can be a valuable skill in these fields.

4. Java

Java is a popular language that is widely used for building a variety of applications. It is an object-oriented language, which means that it is based on the concept of objects and classes, and provides a way to create modular and reusable code.

Java was first released in 1995 by Sun Microsystems. It was designed to be easy to use, write, compile, debug, and learn than other programming languages.

One of the key features of Java is its platform independence, which means that Java programs can run on any platform (such as Windows, Mac, Linux, etc.) without needing to be recompiled. This is achieved through the use of the Java Virtual Machine (JVM), which interprets Java bytecode and translates it into machine code that can be executed by the computer’s hardware. Although platform independence is present in most modern-day languages, this was a groundbreaking change in the past.

Java is widely used for building enterprise-level applications, such as web-based applications, mobile applications, and enterprise software. It is also the basis for the Android operating system, which is used on many smartphones and tablets.

Why Is Java Easy Language to Learn?

Java is considered an easy language to learn for several reasons.

Java is a high-level language that is easy to read and write.

Notice that Even though Java is a high-level language, its syntax is a bit more complicated than Python, for example. So as a first language, Java is already a bit tougher to learn than Python, for example.

Java is a statically-typed language, which means that you have to specify the data type of a variable when you declare it. This can make it easier to catch errors, compared to dynamically-typed languages like JavaScript, where you don’t have to specify the data type of a variable.

Java also has a large and active community, with many libraries, frameworks, and resources. This streamlines the learning and coding process as you won’t have to scratch your head at mysterious errors.

Why Learn Java?

Java is a versatile programming language, so learning it can open up career opportunities. Many companies use Java in their projects, so having knowledge of the language can make you a valuable asset to their team.

Java is used for building a plethora of applications, including web-based applications, mobile apps, and enterprise tools.

Learning Java can help you improve your problem-solving skills and develop a strong foundation in object-oriented programming concepts.

5. C#

C# (pronounced C sharp) is a modern, object-oriented programming language that is designed to be simple, powerful, and easy to use.

C# was developed by Microsoft as part of its .NET initiative and is widely used for building a variety of applications, including web, mobile, desktop, and gaming applications.

C# is based on the C++ programming language and incorporates many of the same concepts and features. It is a statically-typed language, which means that you have to specify the data type of a variable when you declare it. Even though this means a bit more complex syntax and additional code to write, it can make your job easier when debugging issues and reading code.

C# includes features such as garbage collection, type safety, and exception handling. This makes it easier to write reliable and maintainable code.

Why Is C# Easy Language to Learn?

There are a few reasons why C# is considered to be an easy language to learn.

  • Like all the other coding languages on this list, C# is a high-level language. This makes it easier to read and understand, compared to low-level languages like assembly.
  • C# is a statically-typed language. Variables must be declared with a specific type before they can be used. This can helps prevent and track down errors that occur in dynamically-typed languages.
  • C# has a lot of online resources, including tutorials, documentation, and sample code. This makes it easier for beginner coders to learn the language.

Why Learn C#?

One of the main reasons is that C# is a popular and widely-used language, particularly for developing applications on the Microsoft platform as well as developing games.

Additionally, C# is a multi-purpose language that can be used in many fields of computer science, from developing desktop apps to building mobile and web apps.

C# is also a modern language that is constantly being updated and improved, so learning it can provide a solid foundation for a career in software development.

6. Swift

Swift is the iOS app development language. It is a general-purpose, compiled programming language developed by Apple Inc.

Swift is designed to work with Apple’s Cocoa and Cocoa Touch frameworks and the Objective-C language, which is the main language used for developing applications for Apple platforms.

Swift is more concise and easier to read and write than Objective-C, and it is designed to be safer and more flexible than other languages, with features such as type inference and optional types.

Why Is Swift Easy Language to Learn?

Swift is almost as easy to learn as Python. This is because of its high-level features that make the code easy to read and write. Swift is also one of the best first programming languages to learn.

Swift has a simple, clean syntax that is similar to other modern languages, and it includes many features that make it easier to write code, such as type inference, optionals, and automatic memory management.

Apple also provides a variety of useful resources to help learn Swift, such as tutorials, books, and videos.

Why Learn Swift?

First, if you are interested in developing apps for Apple platforms, such as iOS, iPadOS, macOS, watchOS, and tvOS, then you will need to know Swift. These platforms are very popular, and the demand for skilled app developers is high.

Learning Swift will also allow you to build apps that take advantage of the latest features and technologies on Apple platforms, such as Augmented Reality (AR) and Machine Learning (ML).

7. Ruby

Ruby is a high-level, interpreted programming language. It is designed to be simple and easy to read, with a focus on “human-friendly” code. Ruby was created in the mid-1990s by Yukihiro “Matz” Matsumoto in Japan, and it has since become one of the most popular programming languages in the world.

Ruby is used for a wide variety of purposes, including web development, data analysis, and system automation. It is known for its simplicity, flexibility, and power. Ruby is almost as easy as Python when it comes to syntax. Ruby scripts look a lot like Python scripts and read almost like English.

Why Is Ruby Easy Language to Learn?

Ruby is considered a relatively easy language to learn for several reasons.

  1. Ruby’s syntax is intuitive and easy to read, making it a good language for beginners to learn.
  2. Ruby is dynamically typed, which means that you don’t need to specify the data type of a variable when you declare it. This can make it easier to write code since you don’t need to worry as much about the specific details of the data you are working with.
  3. Ruby has a supportive community, with many online resources and tutorials available to help people learn the language.

Why Learn Ruby?

Ruby is a popular and powerful multi-purpose programming language that is designed to be easy to read and write.

Ruby has a number of powerful libraries and frameworks, such as Rails, that can help you develop web applications quickly and easily.

It is also a very popular language for building web applications, so learning Ruby can be a valuable skill for any aspiring web developer.

8. PHP

PHP is a well-known web development language that is used for creating dynamic web pages and backends for web apps.

PHP is often used to create dynamic and interactive websites and can be embedded into HTML to make the web pages more dynamic.

PHP is a server-side language, which means that it is executed on the server and the results are sent to the user’s web browser. It is open-source and free to use, which has made it a popular choice for web developers.

Why Is PHP Easy Language to Learn?

PHP is a high-level language that is easy to read and understand, compared to low-level languages like C.

PHP also has a mature community, which means that there are useful resources that help you learn the language, including tutorials and forum posts.

PHP has a simple and intuitive syntax, which makes it easy to get started and write basic programs.

Why Learn PHP?

PHP is an in-demand language and is used by many of the top websites in the world, including Facebook, Wikipedia, and WordPress.

You can imagine there is a high demand for PHP developers in the job market.

Similar to JavaScript, knowing PHP is essential for a well-rounded web developer. Besides, the language is easy and fun to learn. Although not as easy as Python or Ruby, for example.

9. Go

Go is a programming language developed by Google in 2009.

Go is designed to be a simple, efficient, and easy-to-use language, and it is often used for building scalable and concurrent systems. It has a clean and lightweight syntax, and it is well-suited for developing web applications, networking programs, and other types of software.

Why Is Go Easy Language to Learn?

Go has an intuitive syntax that is easy to read and understand almost like Python. This makes it a great language for beginners who are just starting to learn to program.

Go also has built-in support for common programming concepts like concurrency and garbage collection. As a coder, you don’t have to worry about such brain-heavy tasks yourself. This makes it easier to focus on the core logic of your program, rather than on the low-level details.

Despite being one of the youngest languages on this list, Go has a big community of users. There are many great resources you can turn to if you’re facing difficulties in learning the language.

Why Learn Go?

Go is a popular language and is used by many top companies, including Google, Netflix, and Uber. There is a high demand for Golang developers in the job market.

Additionally, Go is also a new language that is well-suited for developing high-performance and scalable systems. It supports concurrency and parallelism, which makes it possible to write programs that use multiple CPUs and cores for efficient operations.

10. Visual Basic

Visual Basic is a programming language developed by Microsoft. It is a member of the Visual Studio suite of languages and is designed to be used as a tool for creating graphical user interface (GUI) applications.

Visual Basic is a high-level programming language that is designed to be easy to read and write. It is commonly used to create programs that have a GUI (graphical user interface).

Why Is Visual Basic Easy Language to Learn?

Visual Basic is an easy language to learn because it has a simple syntax, a straightforward programming environment, and a variety of built-in functions that make it easy to write programs. Also, thanks to the well-matured community, there are numerous resources available.

Why Learn Visual Basic?

Visual Basic is an easy programming language to learn, especially if you have some experience with other programming languages. As a newcomer, you might not necessarily want to start learning coding from Visual Basic. But if you’re a more seasoned coder who wants to develop apps on the .NET platform, Visual Basic is the way to go.

Visual Basic is a powerful language that can be used to build a wide range of applications, including web apps, desktop apps, and even mobile apps. Learning this language can open up new career opportunities.

Summary

If you’re new to programming, there are a few programming languages that are considered to be relatively easy to learn. Some popular choices for beginners include Python, JavaScript, and Java.

It’s generally a good idea to start with a language that is easy to learn, as this will allow you to get a feel for the fundamental concepts of programming without getting bogged down in the details. Once you have a solid foundation in one language, you can then move on to more challenging languages if you want to.

Ultimately, the best language to learn will depend on your goals and what you want to do with your programming skills. It’s a good idea to research the different options and see which language is the best fit for you.

If you’re completely new to programming, it’s a good idea to start with a relatively simple and easy-to-learn programming language. There are many programming languages out there, but a good one to start with is Python.

Python is a high-level, interpreted language, which means that it is easy to read and write, and you don’t need to worry about complex low-level details like memory management. Python is a universal language that can be used for many purposes, including web development, data analysis, and scientific computing. Additionally, Python has a large and active community of users, which means that there are many resources available to help you learn the language.

Thanks for reading. Happy coding!

Read Also

About the Author

Artturi Jalli
I'm an entrepreneur and a blogger from Finland. My goal is to make coding and tech easier for you with comprehensive guides and reviews.